1Many women, for example, women farmers, work long hours in the family business without being paid or recognized as co-owners of the business. Yet they clearly contribute to the business and wealth creation for the family. They are nevertheless disadvantaged and more at risk of finding themselves in a precarious situation, for example in the event of divorce (or separation from a common-law spouse).
2Volunteerism plugs the gaps in the public system for many sectors essential to the smooth functioning of society. For example, volunteers who work in food banks for the homeless, support and settlement services for migrants, in women’s centers, etc., play an important role that is too often unrecognized and undervalued. This unpaid work represents less expenditure for the government and institutions. It should be better recognized by means of social, fiscal or other measures.
3This is the situation in most traditionally female professions (teaching, health, services, etc.), in contrast to typically male professions where internships are generally paid. On this subject, see:
- Annelyne Roussel, 29 April 2019, “Stagiaires à boutte, stagiaires debouttes!” La Gazette des Femmes. https://gazettedesfemmes.ca/14847/stagiaires-a-boutte-stagiaires-debouttes/, retrieved 15 April 2020.
- Marie Boule, 22 March 2019. “La grève des stages est féministe.” Vice. https://www.vice.com/fr_ca/article/kzdjya/la-greve-des-stages-est-feministe?fbclid=IwAR0aIBwMcJpp-MtjngWu8BLEGZsnpY6UKahzlt2tCf2s1ZN_G_-kQtFSS5s, retrieved 22 April 2020.
- Sandrine Belley, Annabelle Berthiaume and Valérie Simard, “L’exploitation n’est pas une vocation! Pour la rémunération des stages et la fin du travail étudiant gratuity” in Camille Robert and Louise Toupin (eds) Travail invisible, Portraits d’une lutte féministe inachevée, Montréal: Éditions du remue-ménage, 2018.
4Women devote an average of three hours and 26 minutes a day to household chores, with men devoting only two hours, according to RICROCH, Layla and Benoît Roumier, Depuis 11 ans, moins de tâches ménagères, plus d’Internet. Insee – Division Conditions de vie des ménages, 2010. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1281050, retrieved 14 April 2020. The difference is 523 hours per year, or 13 40-hour weeks!
5Oxfam-Québec, 19 January 2020. Les milliardaires du monde se partagent plus de richesses que 4,6 milliards de personnes. https://oxfam.qc.ca/inegalites-partage-richesse/, retrieved 14 April 2020.
6“Remuneration for all internships would ensure interns the minimum protections enshrined in the Act respecting labour standards, with respect to working conditions and access to certain legal recourses. Worker status would also allow interns to organize among themselves, and possibly unionize, in order to establish a balance of power vis-à-vis their employers and negotiate their working conditions, especially pay. ” [Translation] From: http://www.grevedesstages.info/questions-et-reponses/retrieved 10 April 2020.
7“Work-family balance measures are thought out for women, offered to women and used by women,” “Everything is in place to make women understand that child care and family well-being management—with the famous mental load that comes with it—is their responsibility first and foremost,” Marilyse Hamelin [Translation]. See Martine Letarte, 8 March 2018. “Comment en finir avec la division sexuelle des responsabilités parentales.” Le Devoir. https://www.ledevoir.com/societe/521410/en-finir-avec-la-division-sexuelle-des-responsabilites-parentales, retrieved 10 April 2020.
This declaration was adopted by the members of the Inter-organizational Committee for the Recognition of Invisible Work.